The Nazi Party, founded in and led by Adolf Hitler , gave political expression to theories of racism. In part, the Nazi Party gained popularity by disseminating anti-Jewish propaganda.
On the night of November 9, , the Nazis destroyed synagogues and the shop windows of Jewish-owned stores throughout Germany and Austria an event now known as the Kristallnacht pogrom or Night of Broken Glass. This event marked a transition to an era of destruction, in which genocide would become the singular focus of Nazi antisemitism.
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London: Vallentine Mitchell, Burleigh, Michael. The Racial State: Germany New York: Cambridge University Press, Levy, Richard S. Poliakov, Leon. The History of Anti-Semitism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. View the list of all donors.
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Download video: standard or HD. Available now This course started 9 Sep By the end of the course, you'll be able to Discuss what antisemitism is and what is unique about it. Identify antisemitic language and actions in the past and in the present.
The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism
Explain the historical and ideological roots of antisemitism and how it has developed. Identify different types of antisemitism presented in the course and explain the differences, commonalities and dynamics between them. In the United States, anti-Semitic incidents rose 57 percent in —the largest single-year increase ever recorded by the Anti-Defamation League, a Jewish civil rights advocacy organization. Anti-Semitism; Anti-Defamation League. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Since , the word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the mass murder of some 6 million European Jews as well Hitler capitalized on economic woes, popular discontent and political infighting to take absolute power in Germany beginning in The instability created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict—World War II—which broke out two decades later and would prove even more devastating.
Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Auschwitz, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, opened in and was the largest of the Nazi concentration and death camps. Located in southern Poland, Auschwitz initially served as a detention center for political prisoners. However, it evolved into a network of camps where Malkin uttered the words to a balding Mercedes-Benz factory worker headed home from work on May 11, And when the Usually, the upper floors of the office building at Prinsengracht were silent.
But on August 4, , they came to terrible life. Miep Gies never forgot the sounds.
Before arriving at the death camp, she had been stuffed into a train car on a seemingly endless journey from Hungary. Now, she and her twin sister Miriam This Day In History. Russian Pogroms Throughout the s and early s, Jews throughout the Russian Empire and other European countries faced violent, anti-Jewish riots called pogroms.